W. H. Auden, a British poet, once said, “Thousands have lived without love, but not one without water.” Despite the fact that we all know water is essential for life, we continue to waste it. Approximately 80% of the world’s wastewater is dumped back into the environment, largely untreated, polluting rivers, lakes, and oceans. We still mistreat water, despite the fact that it is a necessity. Water pollution is lethal, accounting for “1.5 million deaths in 2015.” (Denchak, 2020).
If you’re drinking a glass of cool, clear water while reading this, you might think water pollution is a problem somewhere else. Every state’s tap water has been found to contain potentially harmful contaminants ranging from arsenic to copper to lead .
Causes of water pollution:
Contaminants from Chemicals:
Household cleaners, car soap, degreasers, outdoor chemicals, toilet cleaners, and any other cleaners that go down the drain, whether sewer or sink, are examples of common chemical contaminants. This drainage re-enters the water supply, contaminating fresh water.
Littering is most common at the beach. Plastic straws, cans, bottles, and other non-biodegradable items enter the ocean and do not degrade for thousands of years. Remnants gradually pollute the ocean.
the most prevalent type of water pollution chemicals such as herbicides, pesticides, fertilizers, and other agricultural products contaminate water supplies, accounting for 76% of total water pollution. This happens due to run-off, which occurs when rainwater washes chemicals off crops and into the ocean, allowing noxious chemicals to disrupt the freshwater supply in oceans.
Possible Water Contamination Remedies
- Require the use of all-natural household cleaning supplies to keep harsh, toxic chemicals from clogging drains and contaminating water.
- Increase the penalties for beach littering and promote the use of 100 percent biodegradable beach products.
- Minimize or ban herbicides, pesticides, or fertilizers to prevent contamination of large bodies of water such as lakes, rivers, oceans, or other primary sources of clean water supply.
The Eternal Solution
The ultimate solution to water pollution is to outlaw the use of chemical-laden herbicides, pesticides, and fertilizers, as well as other agricultural chemicals. Currently, the agricultural industry is responsible for 76 percent of global water pollution. In just one year, the agriculture industry alone was responsible for nearly 1.4 million deaths. This figure is expected to “triple” by 2050. (Denchak, 2020) If the agriculture industry is completely banned, water supplies will be able to recover and water pollution will be reduced by 24 percent. Farmers can be introduced to all-natural chemicals to ensure that the agriculture industry does not decline. This will ensure that households have clean water and farmers continue to have a reliable supply. Finally, the absence of pesticides provides more benefits than just improved water sanitation.
Dr Ibrar Iqbal
College of Geosciences
Guilin University of Technology
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The opinions expressed in our published works are those of the author(s) and do not reflect the opinions of Asian Science Letters or its Editors. Information contained in our published works have been obtained by Asian Science Letters from authors believed to be reliable in their field.
 Iqbal, I.; Tian, G.; Wang, Z.; Masood, Z.; Liu, Y.; Zhao, W.; Li, Y. Symmetry between Theoretical and Physical Investigation of Water Contamination Using Amplitude Variation with Offset Analysis of Ground-Penetrating Radar Data. Symmetry 2020, 12, 991. https://doi.org/10.3390/sym12060991
May 14, 2020 Melissa Denchak. “Water Pollution: Everything You Need to Know.” NRDC, 22 June 2020, http://www.nrdc.org/stories/water-pollution-everything-you-need-know.